TMJ or temporomandibular joint dysfunction is an umbrella term that is used for so many issues in particular. This is the abnormality in the joint which attaches the lower jaw to the skull. This is one of the strongest joints in the body which is secured by various strong muscles, tendons and ligaments. However, there are many reasons this joint can get damaged and can cause you many problems. TMJ or in other words, temporomandibular joint, is a facial joint that connects your lower jaw with your face. This issue is more common in females than men and people in the age of 20 to 30 are more prone to this problem.
There are various symptoms of this issue in different people. Few of the common symptoms that people suffer from are as follows:
- Pain the facial area.
- Palpation in the muscles that surrounds the face.
- Inflammation of the area.
- Difficulty in the movement of joint.
- Limited movement.
- Clicking or popping sound while moving the joint.
- Headache in most of the cases.
- Increased sensation.
There are various causes of TMJ. Following are the few:
There are different muscular issues that are responsible for TMJ. Arthritis can be a cause of TMJ too. Similarly, atrophy and hypertrophy is also responsible for the TMJ too. Myositis can also cause this problem too. Bruxism is also a common cause of TMJ pain. This is a problem in which there is excessive grinding and clenching of teeth. This is common in children.
Some of the TMJ causes can be neurological too. One of the common forms of that is trigeminal neuralgia. This is a problem in which there is some kind of damage to the facial nerve and it will cause constant pain in the jaw area. There is no proper cure for that, except surgery, which also has its risks. So it is better to take care of your health and have some preventive measures.
Many few of us know that TMJ also has some psychological background too. A sudden trauma can result in TMJ too. People who are suffering from stress and depression are also more prone to have TMJ. So it is better to avoid the high level of anxiety and stress to stay healthy. Sometimes, the reason of TMJ is also genetic, so make sure to get properly checked.
One can easily recover from the TMJ by using the devices to have a proper alignment of the jaw bone. This is placed with the help of surgeries and doctors. Psychological factors are also involved in the treatment of TMJ, so a psychiatrist is also consulted. If the pain is due to physical injury, you can also use pain medications to deal with it. This is not an issue that can be diagnosed easily by any doctor. SO in order to get a proper treatment, you need to consult a tmj doctor nyc first. This way you can recover easily.